Wednesday, May 22, 2019
In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare Essay
In the play village by William Shakespeare, one of the main themes is the discrepancy between appearance and honesty. The development of this theme done the plot, soliloquy and vision help to reinforce the players role in the play and directs the audience to w present their allegiances should lie for the end of the play. The theme appearance versus human race is clearly unambiguous throughout this Shakespearean play it is introduced at the very beginning through Claudius speech to the court.The structure and rhythm of this blank verse carries him through but the imaginativeness that Shakespeare uses signals to the audience the corruption in Denmark he uses phrases such as defeated joy, one auspicious and one drooping marrow and wisest sorrow. These opposing images and hollow phrases reveal the hypocrisy of the diplomats words how can a person have one auspicious and one drooping eye unless they are duplicitous?Claudius opening speech is as well eloquent, relaxed and so ca refully structured that it appears rehearsed he deals with three items of business before confronting his black-suited nephew Old King small towns death the threat from Fortinbras army Laertes impending departure to France. Shakespeare here signals to the audience that Claudius is uneasier than he appears by leaving his nephew and son-in-law to deal with last.In my opinion, the exposition of Claudius Machiavellian mature at the beginning through the theme appearance versus reality is very effective as it reveals to the audience the corruption in Elsinore which essentially instigates Hamlets revenge and also exposes Claudius at the beginning of the play as the antagonist, aligning the audiences sympathies. Furthermore, this main theme is developed through the soliloquies in particular Claudius. During his agonised soliloquy, Claudius puts on the appearance of praying but he is pseudo-sincere in thisPray can I not, though inclination be as precipitant as will. This reveals Claudi us confessing to the murder of his brother but not repenting for his sins. As he is not sincere in this, he believes that he will not go to heaven My words fly up, my thoughts remain below, words without thoughts never to heaven go. This rhyming couplet not only reveals the theme appearance versus reality, but is also richly ironic as this prayer actually saves his life.Shakespeare also employs the transferred epithet stubborn knees to gain emphasise Claudius reluctance to repent for his sins and how he is putting on the appearance of praying, albeit mendaciously. In my opinion, the development of the main theme through Claudius soliloquy successfully polarises Claudius from the protagonists and reinforces him as the villain in the play, directing the audience to where their allegiances should lie for the climax of the play. In addition, Shakespeare conveys the theme appearance versus reality through Hamlets antic disposition.This is illustrated particularly well through Hamlets e xchanges with Polonius let her not walk ithsun. Conception is a blessing. But as your daughter may conceive friend, look tot. Although these words sound equivalent nonsense to Polonius and the audience, there is a thread of bitter satire running through them. Hamlet reveals his witty sarcasm here as he is assured that Ophelia has been prevented from seeing him and tells Polonius that he should not let her walk in the sun if he wishes to prevent her becoming pregnant.Hamlets antic disposition is reinforced throughout the play but particularly through his exchanges with Claudius Excellent ifaith of the chameleons dish. I eat the air, promised crammed. You cannot feed capons so. Hamlet here is trying to make Claudius think that he is frustrated at not being the King Claudius pretends not to understand him. In my opinion, Shakespeare effectively polarises Hamlet from Claudius through his antic disposition and wit which in turn successfully aligns the audience with the protagonist for the denouement.Furthermore, it could be argued that the theme of surveillance intertwines with the main theme appearance versus reality which helps to further develop the audiences awareness of the conflict between reality and appearance. For example, Hamlets conversations with the two people he loved, Gertrude and Ophelia, were eaves-dropped by Polonius. As a result of the espying, Ophelia and Gertrude spoke to Hamlet with constrained formality How does your honour for this many a day? .This heated exchange between the eponymous prince and Ophelia during the nunnery opinion recapitulates arguably the main theme of the play appearance versus reality which is exposed at the very beginning and is reiterated through Hamlets exchanges with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern they also spy on Hamlet for Claudius they did make love to this employment . In my opinion, Shakespeare effectively evokes sympathy for Hamlet and his little allies through dramatic irony and further polarises Hamle t and Claudius through the development of this main theme hence reinforcing Hamlet as the tragic hero of the play.In conclusion, the development of the theme appearance versus reality is essential in augmenting the audiences understanding and appreciation of the play as a whole. In my opinion, Shakespeare effectively develops this main theme through the plot, soliloquy, imagery and dramatic irony which successfully reinforces the players role in the play and also directs the audience to where their sympathies should lie for the denouement.