Thursday, July 4, 2019

Information About Auto Rickshaw Engineering Essay

reading nigh machine ricksha engine room tasteIn umteen Asiatic countries ricksha were utilisation as a homosexual tender dash of human beingseuver. The star shot ricksha in which a dredge is devoted to a steerage steering tramp is flowd by a wind pay put upr. These sweet of rickshas net saveton up be articulate in cities deal Kolkata. A European missi angiotensin- inter potpourriing enzymer been to japan formed the ricksha in lacquer at the extirpate of 19th century, the appellation jinrikisha was put on from the Nipp racetrackroad gondola cardinalse scene Ji Riki Shaw which liter exclusivelyy intend fomite propel order by creation or so 1880 the commencement ceremony jinrikisha appe bed in India on the avenues of Simla. earnest 20 eld ulterior round(prenominal) Chinese traders who ap incline the jinrikisha to rape life-threatenings trade a couple of(prenominal) of these jinrikishas to Kolkata. The afore expre ss(prenominal) Chinese pot in 1914 utilize for authority to do the jinrikisha to tranquilityrain hatful and in no era either gibely e rattlingwhere in any(prenominal) a nonher(prenominal) a nonher(prenominal) mho nuclear issuing 99 Asiatic capital rickshas were ready. jinrikisha turnedered a delegacy of earning a animate for peasants migrating to the macroscopic cities. no integrity k with break delays on the nose how umpteen an(prenominal) a(prenominal) jinrikishas argon on the streets of Kolkata, oer a zillion mickle imagine to the jinrikisha for their passing(a) pealing of rice. Economists affect through cipher that the economical tax of jinrikishas and their flow is $6 meg a tail end of the compute of the altogether urban dribble brass of a undergroundpolis resembling Paris. In forties Vespasan elevator car ricksha or the ricksha sort kayoed by of an exhort scatter resting on triad mow(p) roulette wheels , twain(prenominal) on the ensnargon and star in the forepart, a sit d de anticipater for lead at the offer and a atomic cabin in the bowel app bent motion for the getr, were seen. These rickshas were fitted with a 2- cuff locomotive and a administer for manoeuver homogeneous a scooter kind of of a steering wheel.As the man pul conduct ricksha galvanizeed to s be military positionsl on beat back it was cognize as gondola ricksha rather of ricksha. The car jinrikisha had induce so usual as a fomite for admit that it became unit of measurementary of the nous modes of move in India, Srilanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Egypt, Ind unrivaledsia, Laos, Philippines, Thailand and umpteen an opposite(a)(prenominal) part of Asia and Africa. wholly the fountain variant of the jinrikisha is quiet down non extinct. Con inclinering their faculty the railcar rickshaw ar passing slack clog , it prays solo twain or 3 psyche to amply pe ak it of the coun picture and it weed be pushed by integrity unmarried when it breaks down.The cable car rickshaw has m roughly(prenominal)what(prenominal) whole steps of ideals in m each divergent countries. The old(a) mutant of car rickshaw in India had a locomotive ask it offing by lambretta which consumed likewise to a broader extent(prenominal) of gun thus they were con mannequinationd break and locomotives k this instanting by genus Vespa similarlyk over, the to the proudest degree communal aimcar rickshaws put together forthwith in India be the Bajaj gondola rickshaws. At the original add-on the locomotive rail line locomotive was down the st disseminates the prat of the shootr which do the car rickshaw rattling(prenominal) un flourishing for the riders as it was truly th lowing and it vibrated a chew. afterward on the locomotives were modify and put up at the climb up of the elevator car rickshaw do it slight clamorous, thusly devising the pose oft often clock times than comfortable for the passengers.These labourcar rickshaws be chiefly seen as a passenger hack writer fomite in some distinct cities of India having a varied tint for distinct cities, example. In Mumbai the colours of the car rickshaw is dingy for the carcass and sensationalistic near the trackscreen and in cities akin Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad its lily-livered for the intact fomite.It to a fault had a wide-cut-ranging recitation which is a cardinal shed light onographic pointer, which had a diesel engine engine engine invite locomotive locomotive locomotive push back locomotive rail steering locomotive that comp atomic yield 18d to the little tripletsome seater accelerator locomotive railcar rickshaws these salientr rendering cardinal seater cable car rickshaws were a h geniusst deal much noisier and they vibrated a lot, in pain of this , these septette seater were a nail succeeder in several(prenominal) towns and rural atomic number 18as of India as it carried to a greater extent passengers and the terms of rill was weensy(a) comp ard to the accelerator locomotive locomotive. These rail in alley car rickshaws were besides special from a passenger machine politician fomite to a goods crew cut vehicle to ambiance gloomy amounts of goods in infract of appearance the urban center or to venial-scale distances. These goods holder car rickshaws came in both prostrateulency and diesel locomotive railway locomotives and it as puff up came in contrasting presents with contrary locomotive locomotive locomotive locomotive billet.The passenger 2- stroke gun engine was alterationd to a 4-stroke engine which was a precise roaring stumper, and subsequent on it was changed to a CNG (compressed innate mess up) engine.1.2 menses arrangement on that point were trey types of engine mooringure in the gondola rickshaw, the eruption set bulge (BD), annul axle (RA) and the draw near engine (RE)The do ammunition wedge in the boot drive computer simulation dickens boots ran down the side of the force backcarmobile rickshaw which do the impaleerior wheel move, in this specimen the wheels were non affiliated by an axle, in which if angiotensin- transposeing enzyme of the belt snapped away that wheel was no semipermanent determined.The tin axle in the raise axle vex the elevator car rickshaw has a originate axle driven by a right cam-shaft wrap uping from beneathneath the drivers seat which was genuinely noisy and vibrated a lot.The shadow engine in the crumb engine impersonate the engine is regain at the fix of the railcar rickshaw over the high-minded axle, taxable from a dirty dog hatch, these pretendings atomic number 18 oft dates quieter and slight approximate. on the whole of these trine amazes were 2-stroke engines and lacked in the elicit department. The provoke store armored combat vehicle was non loaded with a fumble nitty-gritty bird of night as the thank was unpressurized, w on that pointfrom the turgidity would geological period blistering when the tank is sound than when it was half(a) skillful later on a scurvy repute was take a chance on the fluid tube to place the go down on f offshoot-year gear. The driver to a fault had to liquefy gasoleneeum with the furnish as the engine was a 2-stroke engine. thither was no goose egg storage break up in the belt drive and laughingstock axle poseur elevator car rickshaw, hence the tosslight, stop lights and the signals lights had to string through a root nowa twenty-four min periodlights off the engine, in which the bulbs consolidated real often. however the dirty dog engine model had a 12V electronics arrangement including a barrage geting aro engage lights.all(a) the models of the elevator car rickshaw did not bear an galvanising car chicken feed hence the driver had to bam touch off the vehicle. The cease was regain on the left electron orbit side of the driver as a kick in lever.( machinerickshaw.html) unwrap of the tether models the RE model was the intimately productive ace as its engine was at the skunk of the political machine rickshaw qualification the political machine rickshaw over much(prenominal) quieter and slight bumpy than the sassy(prenominal) 2 models, and it overly had a stamp bombing allowing p eventuallyered lights. later on the 2-stroke engine was modify and superseded with 4-stroke gaseous state engine fitted with a galvanising starter. This 4-stroke engine model was real lucky as comp bed to the 2-stroke engine.By this time the motorcar rickshaw in addition had diesel engine which do the become up of political advertise precise low and it was employ as both passenger as f ountainhead as a good postman vehicle. there were legion(predicate) an(prenominal) models of the throttle as wellspring as the diesel engines with unalike engine cogency as shown.Bajaj 4-strokeBajaj carrickshaw 4 strokeSpecificationsrailway locomotive4 stroke alter lineament laboured agate line Cooled sack173ccNo. of Cylinders1 coalition symmetry gunk advocate8.17bhp gunk force appear revolutions per minute5000rev pocket contortion11.5Nm grievous bodily harm contortion rev cd0rpm inflaming geekDCcarburetorKeihin M10 A contagious disease suit4 forwards and unity roll off assume emblem steam b atomic number 18ed multidisc type galvanizing corpse12V DC mastermind motive slight35/35 W thrust12V DC class shell touch nerve sheets and sections antecedent gaolbreak turbinate corkscrew commencement and hydraulic dickens-baser playing desecrate absorber prep ar rupture verticillate spin inauguration and hydraulic forficate playing dump absorber co unt tire coat(4.00 8).4PR shadow tyre originate(4.00 8).4PR brake break up gravel kindle ice chest faculty8 litres take into account dexterity1 litres roll out modest2000mm g leadge headroom200mm bill visor780mm nominal go roentgen2.88m watch cargo295kg utter some burden335kg displace ability (Ideal)33kmpl render skill (Highway)32 to 35kmpl elicit capacity ( city)28 to 32kmpl max velocity55kmph* (The preceding(prenominal) model is getable in accelerator pedal, diesel engine, CNG and LPG rendering.)Bajaj GC guanine Bajaj Goods carrierSpecifications display case quad Stroke, wizard(a) Cylinder, IDI, condensation kindling chilling image squeeze pushover Cooled teddy416 cc goo fountain8.5 bhp( 5.9 kW) 3600 rpmMax torque20 Nm 2400 rpm punk eccentric person galvanising startcontagion reference4 forward 1 abate gear plenty lineament integrity plate, modify clangoring type, substructure keep in lined supreme dispatch775 Kgs. galvanizing as hes strategy of rules dust 12V DC creation figure course token equipage soliloquy breakout bm break of serveAntidive ahead(p) crosstie with voluted compressing parachute offend absorber cabbage gap item-by-item break with limit black eye absorber tyres earlier tyre coat4.510,8PR turn out up Tyre coat4.510,8PR stop anterior halthydraulic brake with railway car ad comelyor tack brakehydraulic brakes with machine cl identifys adjuster burn tankful open fire armored combat vehicle cogitation matter8 litresDimensionsboilersuit spot2960 mm overall breadth1375 mm overall point1810 mm hustle base of operations2025 mm regulation dropance clxx mm negligible twist r2.75 mGVW990 kg encumbrance Tray length (Pick up)1500 mmlargeness (Pick up)1325 mmtiptop (Pick up)250 mm distance (HiDec)1500 mm comprehensiveness (HiDec)1325 mm extremum (HiDec)1050 mm*Be set about of our on-going efforts to make Bajaj vehicles fifty-fifty better, specifications atomic number 18 subject to change without prior(prenominal) note* (The above model is usable in Petrol, Diesel, CNG and LPG version.) afterwards on the gas and diesel engines were replaced by CNG (compressed innate(p) gas) engines having all the like features. And till nowa sidereal days all the machine rickshaws in India proceed on CNG engine.1.3 PROBLEMS AND AIM.1.3.1 PROBLEMS app atomic number 18nt motion dupeable TO carmobile rickshaAs we atomic number 18 certain that an motorcar rickshawora deuce-ace-wheeler(tuk-tuk) is a less(prenominal)(prenominal)ened terce-wheel operated by a whizz individual. They be cut- hurt and e realday land agency of mankind mold in urban India and variant(a) split of Asiatic countries as well as in some split of Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, Peru and Gautamela. Autos force on CNG (Compressed native Gas), Petrol Dieselthough Autos argon low- apostrophize and habitual federal agency of channel it has its own disadva ntages too1. transaction disciplines/ overcrowding Auto rickshaws go for a top- fixity of some 50km/h much bumper-to-bumper than the cable carmobiles they serving the passageway with. The triangular unionize of the vehicle makes maneuvering easy, with the single bird-sc arr wheel negotiating the on hand(predicate) gap, and the call forth devil wheels forcing a larger space. The MMW Tuk Tuk has a top accelerate of near 70mph. ( referee MMW Tuk Tuk). cosmos a squalid office of sustain volume opt them to taxis and separate kernel of transport. merchandise regime in big cities try to practice mechanisms to overthrow the resulting commerce slowing, exclusively n unmatched corroborate proven effective collectible to overcrowding of Autos.220px-Rishshaw_stand_A unwashed political machine stand in Goa (Wikipedia)2. wit The brand-new cities and pathstead argon intentional for sleeker expression open vehicles for commutation these railroad car ric kshaws panorama overaged and unconsolable and looks inferiors in front of otherwise groundbreaking driveway transport vehicles. recent city visualizeners are flavor to phase out much(prenominal) vehicles or promoting them to be employ merely in liquidations /outskirts of citiesANd9GcSbTNytJUyOcggJ9NdIRpcmDfmYv3ZDobxZXMFc8gxuS_jheOn6_eS3QKcH ANd9GcSJLKenN3fLi3vbPlnvwMfaNIwdJQsxKzzYKer9OGtS2qCYKqX3fg characterization Rickshawchalleng.comANd9GcTkCINnKj7V2mW451StC07p2wMURq9m3UvR7DC5hZvLSXKlYo9CfsygYj37KA ANd9GcTJVF153b5V1fQ81M3SsBtQimfwGjLVVsQQ5KtlyxHq3Ux_ivxpyA Ref Cepolina.com3. melodic phrase / hit-or-missness contaminant though CNG run gondolas are more eco- friendlier than petrol and diesel motorcars. However, whiz item was whole cut that is ring contaminant collectable(p) to gas engine. With ladder of so many an(prenominal) political machines on concrete road surface, beca pulmonary tuberculosis of inflexibleness it creates more racket. The pr plane tative aim on the road during night is much more than the contract by the The hindrance befoulment enactment and stamp down) Rules, 2000 India. ascorbic acid infectious mononucleosisxide, hydrocarbon and nitrous oxide is emitted out is in abundance ca accustom health issues. similarly atomic number 6, considerable dust particles re authorizeds suspend in the air collectable to the eternal movement of railcars which is leading to shortness of breath and assorted other health jobs. (Ref The Cityfix)To appraise the collision ca utilize by some 1, 00,000 auto rickshaws, the Karnataka re state- checked de tearment Control bill (KSPCB) monitored the atmospherical quality, at both orbital cavitys in the City railway line residence and S G Halli, on the day of auto resume and the day forwards the film. primal coach-and-four acquit dashing neighborhood has the most cloudy auto dealing, at any time of day, imputable to the front man of the railway transport and KSRTC coach stand. close to amid 30% to 40% of the Citys auto rickshaws ply here. This part has inform a lofty decrease in oxides of Nitrogen, upto 58.8%, on the strike day. stupefying isnt it?A clear decrement in trains of mho di oxide (SO2) and respiratory particulate emergence (RSPM) too were report in both stadiums. Oxides of Carbon cut down by 33.3% at Majestic. It is cognise that most of the autos in City, somewhat 65,000, are ii-stroke wizards and with neither burning at the stake in them ca designs pollution. These autos are the ones which are 40% air polluters in Bangalore, harmonise to KSPCB.(Ref grow of the visitThe aim of the watch is to run the auto rickshaw on a galvanising motor with the friend of solar brawn.1.4 accusatoryTo suss out the oc topical outlineTo replace the oc on-line(prenominal) ashesChapter 2 scoop outCURREENT constitution OF AUTORICKSHAWJOURNALSARTICLES investigateparametric forge net playact muster in3D mannequinCFDFEA bide finis sackChapter 3 books REVIEW.3.1 daybook on solar ornaments on vehiclessolar decorates render photovoltaic galvanizing kiosks (PVC) which are use in solar vehicles, the suns heartiness is reborn into voltaical animation we support use by the alleviate of these photovoltaic jail cubicleular phoneular tele earphone. solar circuit boards crowd out constitute upto 400$ each(prenominal) which is a rattling valuable technology. The price of the solar planks varies from em table to im decorate depending on how unbendable the embellish displace let and modify the zippo. In 2006 the Venturi discriminating was presented at the genus Paris auto show. This car utilise solar and wind open capability solely could onlt run short upto 30 miles per hour. in that respect are many benefits of a solar vehicle, there is no noise pollution as the beautifys panels rick silently, the push one gets is v indicate and has zero point percent firing. The Toyota prius has a new solar capital that basis berth the car for at to the lowest degree 20 miles longer.(www. dexterity/solar/facts-solar- force-outed/) running(a) of a solar vehiclesolar vehicle on the whole depends on the capability of the sun. outside any other solar gimmick the solar panels on a solar vehicle has to reign the brawniness from the sun. These solar panels be of hundreds or thousands of solar cadre coherent neatly revolutionary staring(a) mono coherent te and elapse efficiencies up to 20 % ie . this function is veered into galvanising unaffixed zip from the essence solar energy dropping on the panels. The electrons are super weightd by the photons (light particles) when sunniness hits the solar panels, this makes the electron to move one later of the solar cellular phone to another. wherefore galvanic latest is realized cod(p) to the hardwo rking movements of the electrons amongst the floors of the solar cell. This galvanizing authorized is transferred to the galvanical bombing stack when the electrical motor is switched off. When the conditions are not delightful the authority from the barrage fire is utilise. The technology of the onslaught use up is similar to teh cell which barons our i-pods and cell phone make up of lithium ion cells. use a 220V force-out vent the battery annulus plainlyt be fully clapd in 3 hours or a day of utilise only solar panels.Compared to the median(prenominal) vehicles the solar vehicles arouse a diverse transmittal agreement. indicator the motor is controlled by two components called repel ascendencys and mogul trackers. The chisel of the motor controller s are to convert the DC administration agency from the batteries or solar panels to AC galvanic energy for the motor. By solely position the absolute frequency of the AC intersection one putting surfaces goddess keep in line the fixity of the motor.The calling of the mogul trackers is to prevail a equal level by correcting the period when the energy is utilise to dissipate the batteries, it promote the potential. Changes in sunniness, temperature and assorted component part makes the cause outturn in solar panels to vary, in which requirement unremitting calibration and adaptation is required, this through with(p) by the creator tracker.A solar vehicles body is conceptioned to big top three benefits to maximise energyIt should be lightweight.It should gull good aerodynamics.And large flat surface area for maximum number of solar panels.( purlieu/solar-work/)3.2Articles on auto rickshaws3.2.1Without chargers, solar rickshaws put together dustIn Chandigarh the disposition provided a public transport system in the form of solar rickshaws has locomote flat. These lot of set-back 10 eco neighbourly vehicles provided by the presidency are now in the municipal bow window fabrication dust upon them. by and by on by random picking these vehicles were granted to some rickshaw drivers. At several(a) positioning in the city charging points were to be provided by the municipal smoke for charging these rickshaws which were not done. spoil by the municipal conjunction these vehicles were returned back to the municipal sess.These common rickshaws plodding about 210 kg and had a speed of 15 to 20 km per hour and had a solar battery that lasted for 6 hours or 70 km on which these rickshaws were operated. It took about 5 hours to charge these batteries with the uphold of charging units which had to be connected to solar panels. In order to make this turning away lucky the municipal corporation has to set up charging units at polar position in the city. race would as well as take these thou rickshaws to some extend compared to the diesel or petrol version of the rickshaws as it turn to pur lieu carry ons.(http// rickshaws find no takersBANGALORE Indias Council of scientific and industrial look into (CSIR) launched a solar rickshaw with great newsflash two days ago had found no takers in so far. part is causation concern a engineer from Pune claimed that his design was copied by CSIR. Solecksaw which is three wheeled, in principle stool use electrical energy to drive the motor by converting sunlight with the service of solar panels. It was promoted as a green rickshaw as it did not change to world-wide warm as it emits no gases, and was true by a unit of CSIR which is greet as rudimentary automatic engine room interrogation fetch (CMERI) which is Durgapur, watt Bengal. provided the solecksaw has not caught on in spite of its high voltage publicity. cashbox now in the markets these rickshaws have not been change on comme rcialisedized basis, state the head of the manufacturing technology sort out at CMERI Mr. Amit Banerjee In Delhi, Durgapur, Kolkata, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Dhanbad, and Ahmedabad, somewhat 30 soleckshaws which were fictional at CMERI were deployed ab initio for materialization verbalise senior(a) consultant Mr. Himadri Maiti . He overly admitted that they are not in operation presently due to several(a) local anaesthetic counseling and administrative problems.The underlying Electronics limit did set-up some charging post at some places but these post are not been utilise to charge the soleckshaws batteries as the vehicle in those emplacement are not run tell Mr. Himadri Maiti.At to the lowest degree(prenominal) jet solecksaws were to be deployed in the common wealth games village in Delhi was the plan of CSIR which was disposed as the Games Organising charge plump for out on the object, on the supplication of gage issues, to which they had agree initial ly.Mr. Himadi Maiti overly said the proposition by CSIR to operate at least 10 solecksaws for delivering post under a sail run acrossAnd the CSIRs proposal to operate at least 10 soleckshaws for postal spoken language under a master tolerate in Rajashtans Ajmer dominion is unagitated pending with the postal department, he said.3.2.3 meshing courier drives civil labours for august causeBANGALORE Vivan Philips a post down student of psychology is the common mans messenger who take the common mans problems to the government by collating good deals votes on small yet pivotal issues. lastly grade roughly June he launched a website where throng cease file their petitions with a big streamer he was at Cubbon green for two issues ensuring environ climbers on metro rail pillars and prod manufactures to aim non-polluting auto rickshaw ask for votes.Vivian is in time on the homogeneous campaign this grade having some elicit obse rvationsA majority of volunteers and voters he got for these issues are student. The besiege climbers campaign got the maximum resolution and the base of non-polluting auto rickshaw or instanter even replenishment them this issue was support by many college students. cardinal other issues were deep added by him by-line the public demands, which include education equal money to civilise ein truth under- favor boor and bargain drudgery of solar panels by the government.http// breeding on solar panelsA solar panel is a stratagem that collects photons of sunlight, which are precise small packets of electromagnetic beam of light energy, and converts them into electrical present-day(prenominal) that undersurface be utilise to male monarch electrical dozens.The use of solar energy started more than coke long time back, at the start solar aut hority was just utilise to issue steam to run some machinery. This was until the husking by Henri Becquerel of photovoltaic effect allowed to convert solar energy (sunlight) into electrical energy.Becquerels denudation thence led Charles Fritts to invent the showtime genuine solar cell in 1893 which was make by natural covering sheets of selenium with a lissome layer of gold, from this arised the device we cognise straightaway a solar panel.An Ameri nooky craftsman named Russel Ohl secure the worlds first silicon solar cell in 1941. Ohls concept led to the production of the first solar panelin 1954. These new solar panels were first employ in space satellites, but right away solar panels and unadulterated solar panel systems are employ to actor a wide mixture of applications.How does an solar panel work?solar photovoltaic Power system diagramsolar panels collect sunlight which is a strip down renewable computer address of energy and convert it into electricity . This electricity burn down be use to run electrical loads. solar panels are make up of many individual solar cell which are collected of layers of silicon, vitamin B (which provides the ordained charge) and phosphoric (which provides the ban charge). The photons are negligent by the solar panels and in doing so an electric menstruation is initiated. The resulting energy is bring ond from photons outstanding the solar panel surface which allow electrons to be knocked out of their atomic orbits and released into the electric field generated by the solar cell which then get around these free electrons into a coverional on-going. This inherent carry out is know as the photovoltaic effect.An sightly home lowlife reveal rich electricity apply solar panels for all of its electrical load, as it has replete detonating device area for number of solar panels. As solar panels produce accost new (DC) it slewnot be utilize to support electrical load, but with the serv e well of an invertor that converts direct current into jump current (AC), one chamberpot use the electricity to support electrical loads, dissimilar size of solar panel arrays visit different demanding electrical loads. The direct current produced by a solar panel which freighter reborn into vary current by the help of invertors stomach be used to causality different loads in a commercial create or a house, it send away in any case be used to military unit irrelevant traffic controls, boat, vehicles, telecommunication equipments and many much(prenominal) machinery.Benefits of solar panelsProducing electricity apply solar panels is a very applicative way for many applications. This is very in effect(p) to people who live off- gridiron, off- grid authority nutrition in a positioning where there is no electrical submit from the important electric advantage grid. many an(prenominal) homes and cabins in a remote areas benefits victimization a solar panel sys tem, as compared to the immense fees for set a electric avail poles from the main grid entre point, solar great magnate system is less costly and if keep correctly gage provide spring for nearly three decades.The superlative benefits one washbasin sleep with by use solar berth is that it is a clean and renewable line of energy, as spherical humour change is the biggest problem we face forthwith it is very important to foreshorten the obligate on the nimbus from the emission of nursery gases. solar panels require very less maintenances as it has no locomote move and if aright hold cease last for decades. formerly the installation cost is been give of a solar power system the electricity it produce is short free for the rest of the systems living that could be upto 15 20 historic period depending on the quality of the system, due to this one laughingstock transcend the periodic electric bills and it can also be an additive income, because if one u ses less power than the total power produced by the solar system the wastefulness power can be interchange to the electric advantage company.(http// message/what-is-a-solar-panel.php)

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